Tae Kwon Do
We could describe Taekwondo as a system of movements that includes a range of stances, hands defense and punching and legs defense and kicking. It uses the whole body, from the palm, fingers and the classic punch to the feet (heel, metatarsal) with basic techniques performed using the rotational force of the body as well as the balance stances.
Basic techniques are practiced independently or in combination, forming the basis of the Art.
The standard combinations of basic techniques that correspond to different skill levels are called Poomsae. They contain the full range of techniques and their purpose is to prepare the trainee for a free fight.
The self-defense exercises study scenarios of defense and counterattack using basic or free techniques against an attacker, armed or not.
In sparring, free combinations of techniques are applied.
The beginner starts with the white belt and he goes after examinations (skill tests) to white-yellow, yellow, yellow-green, green, green-blue, blue, blue-red, red, red-black and black (1st Dan). After the first Dan, which certifies the good knowledge of basic techniques, follow the ranks, i.e. 2nd Dan, 3rd Dan etc. which show the level of skill.
Apart from its original and classical form as a martial art, Taekwondo is also practiced as a sport around the world. As sport Taekwondo was spread in more than 190 countries and it is estimated that 70,000,000 people are instructed in over 100,000 schools worldwide. The widespread of Taekwondo as a sport made it to an Olympic Sport, in which Greece had the opportunity and pleasure to be honored with medals earned by prominent athletes (Mouroutsos, Nicolaides, etc.). It is also important to mention that Taekwondo is the fastest growing sport in Greece among school ages children.